What is “Government at a Glance”?
To make government more efficient, effective and transparent, leading to the provision of higher-quality services to citizens and businesses at lower cost OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) publishes “Government at a Glance”, a useful document for politicians, policy makers, public managers, academics, students and civil society and provides the latest available data on the functioning and performance of public administrations in OECD countries. Where possible, it also reports data for Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Indonesia, Lithuania, the Russian Federation, and South Africa.
How are the data collected and presented?
The publication relies primarily on survey data collected from senior government officials in each country. Other sources are also used including other OECD databases and data coming from other organisations (ILO, IMF, Eurostat, others).
What is new and what is the time period of release?
This edition also includes for the first time a number of scorecards comparing the level of access, responsiveness and quality of services in three key areas: health care, education and justice. It is updated twice a year as new data are released.
In comparison of 2007 and 2015, Where India stands in 2016?
A. CONFIDENCE IN NATIONAL GOVERNMENT, 2007 & 2016
Trust in government remains below pre-crisis levels. On average in OECD countries, 42% of citizens reported having confidence in their national government in 2016 compared to 45% before the crisis.
In India this indicator was approx 82% in 2007 which declined to ~73% in a decade and the figure shows that trust in the Indian government fell by ~10% since 2007, but it is almost the same as was in 2015 report and it is a good sign in an environment of crisis.
International comparisons of the level of access, responsiveness and quality of services in their key areas (health care, education and justice) reveal important cross country differences
B. SERVING CITIZEN
I. Citizen Satisfaction with the Health care system, 2007 and 2016
In all OECD countries, low income people report higher unmet care needs for medical examination than people with higher income.
As per the report even after a decade we stand almost at the same place with almost same percentage. In 2007 this indicator value was 63% and now 65%.
II. Citizen Satisfaction with the Education system and the school, 2007 and 2016
Socio-economically disadvantaged students are almost three times more likely than advantaged students not to attain the baseline level of proficiency in science.
With a decrease of 2% in comparison to 2007, India records 75% in 2016. So, here also there is not so much improvement even after a decade.
III. Citizen Satisfaction with the Judicial system and the courts, 2007 and 2016
In this section, India has registered a growth by 8% and now in 2016 its value is 81%.
C. Rule of Law
The rule of law refers to the idea that the same rules, standards and principles need to apply to all individuals and organizations, including to government itself.
I. Limited Government Powers, 2016
The value for India is 0.64 on a scale of 0 to 1. This factor measures the extent to which those who govern are bound by law.
The higher value of “limited government power” reveals that there is less discrimination between the individual and organization. The OECD countries average is 0.75.
II. Fundamental Rights
The value for India is 0.5 on a scale of 0 to 1. This factor measures the extent to which those who govern are bound by law. The higher value of “fundamental right” reveals that there is equal opportunity, equality before law, and there is no discrimination in the name of caste, creed or sex between the individual and organization. The OECD countries average is 0.77.
This fifth edition of Government at a Glance includes contextual information as well as input, process, output and outcome indicators. The report cites data collected by Gallup World Poll (GWP), which collects evidence from perception surveys to measure the level of trust on an annual basis for OECD countries. The data is collected “based on proportional stratified probability sampling” and a sample size of around 1000 citizens for most countries is used for the purpose, the report says.